Research status of the hottest open control system

2022-10-16
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Research status of open control system

Abstract: This paper introduces the research status of open control system at home and abroad, which is the most important control system of all coated fabrics due to the harm of PU synthetic leather to environment and health, and puts forward some views and understandings

key words: open control system; Controller 1 preface

open control system has been developed for nearly ten years, but there are still many debates about "opening" in academia and industry. No matter from the product development of controller and the platform research supported by government agencies, the concept and architecture are different. This paper systematically introduces the concept and development status of open control system, and puts forward some views and understandings based on the status quo. The prospect of open control system is very broad. Developing open control system platform with independent copyright in China is the only way and shortcut to improve the level of controller industry in China. 2 the origin of open system

2.1 the emergence of open concept and standard

sunmicrosystems put forward the concept of "open" in the 1980s. The emergence of this concept is closely related to the data processing of computers and the evolution of computing environment. This process has gone through the following four stages: stand-alone environment, network environment, distributed environment and collaborative computing environment. Collaborative computing environment is a computing environment composed of interconnected and user transparent computers. The environment can accommodate various types of computers produced by various manufacturers, as if they were integrated into a single machine for operation. No matter which manufacturer produced them, or which operating system or database they used, users can easily access information anywhere on the network and make full use of system resources

the "open" concept proposed by sun includes users and third-party suppliers. The software used is open and can be modified; Through a general data bus, the hardware can be redesigned and re integrated. In this way, users can have a good understanding of their computer, and then modify and add new content. 2.2 the relationship between open systems, standards and collaborative computing environment should be changed in real time

(1) standardization is the inevitable trend of the development of computer industry. Only taking the interfaces between various software and hardware components and the commonalities of software and hardware extracted from them as standards, can they be used as the basis of open systems

(2) open system is a computer and communication environment based on formal and complete interface standards. Its fundamental purpose is to solve the problem of collaborative computing. To complete this work, we must rely on the collaboration foundation of the participants of each collaborative operation (people, machines, software, etc.), and the basis of these collaborations is standards

collaborative computing environment is the expected model in the field of industrial controllers. Therefore, the establishment of open systems is inseparable from the specific requirements of collaborative computing environment and a large number of existing and upcoming standards. 2.3 about the safety of opening

the open system should pay attention to its own protection to avoid external injury. Once the source code is made public, the original system may be damaged to system developers and users, whether intentionally or unintentionally

from the perspective of system suppliers, security should be increased and safety measures should be set. It provides different degrees of openness to different development objects of different applications according to load measurement methods. For end users, only the execution code of the platform is provided, and users can only obtain the required functions by changing the system configuration; For general middle-level system developers, provide part of the source code of the platform, and change the function of the platform limited; For the underlying system developers, provide all the source code of the platform, that is, fully open. Developers can change the functions of the system platform according to their own requirements. However, this does not mean that developers who have obtained the code can modify the platform functions at will, and such modifications must be approved by the system supplier

from the perspective of users and system developers, they should abide by the signed technical agreement, abide by technical ethics, and not disclose technical secrets to third parties. 3 progress of open control system

3.1 shortcomings of traditional control system

from the perspective of the development history of the controller, the previous controller is a special closed architecture. Dedicated has two meanings:

(1) the system hardware is dedicated. The main board and servo circuit board of each manufacturer are specially designed, and there is no interchangeability between manufacturers

(2) the system software structure is dedicated. No portability, no scalability

traditional CNC is a closed special system, which has the following characteristics: the control system is difficult to adapt to the machine tool, especially when the machine tool needs to change the control system, it needs to set a large number of parameters; The control software is special, and each control software depends on the hardware architecture and software design idea of the special control system; Machine tool manufacturers rely heavily on controller suppliers

traditional CNC brings users the following difficulties: it is difficult to integrate equipment and solutions from multiple suppliers; Only limited to add their own functions; Small changes to the machine tool will lead to great changes to the whole system. 3.2 foreign "open" CNC system

the introduction of open control system is a challenge to the shortcomings of traditional CNC products on the one hand, and also benefits from the extensive use of IPC in the field of industrial control. The diversity of users' needs and the rapid development of PC industry, especially network, communication, operating system and control technology, promote the model of collaborative computing environment to be accepted and adopted by the field of industrial control. Major foreign companies have launched CNC products called "open", which can be divided into three categories:

(1) CNC in PC. This kind of product is to insert the motion control card or complete CNC unit into the slot of IPC machine. The main products are paradym-31 of wizdomcontrols, which adopts PMAC programmable multi axis motion control card of deltatau to realize motion control and put it into IPC. The advantages are: ① low cost (using standard computer). ② User defined software can be run. ③ The interface is more friendly than traditional CNC

(2) PC is the front end and CNC is the back end. The representative products are SINUMERIK840D, which uses PC as the front end and can configure the NC axis. Traditional CNC is selected because it can complete the control of up to 10 axes, and some complex 5-axis machining can only be realized by traditional CNC

(3) single PC, dual CPU platform. This product makes full use of current use

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