How to establish the hottest rural domestic waste

2022-10-03
  • Detail

How to establish the classification model of rural domestic waste? 6 demonstration counties launched

release date: Source: environmental protection

2020 can be called the year of implementation of waste classification. According to the plan, the 46 key cities that will take the lead this year will basically build waste classification and treatment systems

according to the data, as of the first half of the year, 30 of the 337 prefecture level and above cities have issued regulations on waste classification management, 37 have issued Measures for waste classification management, 163 have issued waste classification implementation plans, and 71 have issued other policies and plans related to waste classification

it can be seen that urban waste classification is advancing in an orderly manner, and rural domestic waste classification is also on the agenda

the treatment of rural domestic waste is one of the four major aspects of rural human settlements improvement. In August 2020, the list of demonstration counties for the classification and resource utilization of rural domestic waste in 2020 was released. The Ministry of housing and urban rural development decided to list 41 counties (cities, districts) including Daxing District of Beijing as the demonstration counties for the classification and resource utilization of rural domestic waste in 2020, providing valuable experience that can be learned, used for reference and copied for different types and conditions

what rural domestic waste classification models have been actively explored in various places

all 357 administrative villages in Daxing District of Beijing have achieved the full coverage of the rural domestic waste classification and disposal system of "household classification, village collection, town transportation and district treatment". According to the rural living characteristics, Daxing District provides each household with sorting buckets, which are collected by village sorters every day and sent to village level garbage stations for secondary sorting, and finally transported by town level garbage treatment centers

another noteworthy thing is that Daxing District has formed a four cascade package mechanism of "department level cadres package pieces of Saint Gobain high-performance plastic with Solvay certification, organ cadres package villages, members of the two committees package streets, and ordinary Party members package households", which realizes the layered, hierarchical and three-dimensional performance of waste classification work, in which the high-power laser selectively sinters the flat powder bed of PEBA particles. At the same time, intelligent devices are used to weigh, classify and correct the garbage in real time, and the garbage classification data platform is introduced to monitor the garbage placement of each household in real time and dynamically

Lishui District, Nanjing, Jiangsu implements the "Three Guarantees in front of the door" system. Farmers' "Three Guarantees in front of the door and press the click button" means to guarantee sanitation, order and facilities. Garbage classification is one of the assessment standards. The village committee signs a letter with farmers to conduct assessment every month, and fully mobilize the villagers to exercise self-government over the environment in which they live

Changshu City, Jiangsu Province, implements "standardized" village cleaning, "global" household classification, "inventory" centralized remediation, and adopts the "large diversion, fine classification" garbage classification mode, labor cooperatives, service outsourcing, and village level self cleaning to clean villages, and establishes a long-term management mechanism for the environment of villages at the city, town, and village levels

in terms of supervision, Changshu has established a supervision network that mainly focuses on the daily supervision of special classes, with regular and fixed-point night inspection, standardized supervision of security personnel, garrison of law enforcement personnel, and third-party evaluation complementing each other, and has established a "daily, weekly, and monthly" supervision notification system to restrict the implementation of rural domestic waste classification

according to the requirements of "three modernizations and four classifications" and the mode of "household investment, village collection, town transportation and district treatment", Huadu District of Guangzhou has established a garbage classification system integrating sanitation cleaning, garbage collection point construction, collection equipment and transfer vehicles, compression transfer station and final treatment facilities

according to the technical route of "classification, recycling, reduction, harmless incineration and landfill treatment", we will strengthen the diversion and reduction of all kinds of garbage at the source. In addition, each administrative village has set up a domestic waste classification leading group and implemented the district leaders' point inspection and supervision system. Since January 2020, the district leaders will lead the team to conduct on-site supervision and implement the whole area and full coverage inspection and supervision

Anhui Changfeng County has promoted the county-wide urban-rural sanitation integration project since 2017, built a three-level linkage working mechanism of urban-rural sanitation integration at the county, township (District) and village levels, and innovated the garbage exchange incentive mechanism, which is carried out in accordance with the garbage collection, transportation and disposal system of "household cleaning, village collection, township (District) transportation, and county treatment"

in addition, we should strengthen financial support. It is reported that since 2017, the county finance has allocated 54.5 million special funds every year for rural domestic waste treatment

Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County in Guangxi promotes the construction of "two stations" and "two members". In order to strengthen the secondary treatment and effective utilization of domestic waste, Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County has carried out the construction of prefabricated sunshine waste composting houses in 58 pilot villages in the county, truly achieving the reduction, recycling and harmless treatment of domestic waste

all villages and towns in Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County actively promote the third-party governance mode, and promote the market-oriented services in the whole process of cleaning, garbage collection, garbage classification, garbage transfer and garbage treatment through market-oriented operation, unified planning and construction, unified facility allocation, unified operation standards, unified entrusted operation, unified inspection and evaluation

the strategic plan for Rural Revitalization (2018-2022) clearly puts forward: "promote the treatment of rural domestic waste, establish and improve the domestic waste collection, transportation and disposal system in line with rural reality and in various ways, and promote the local classification and resource utilization of waste in areas where conditions permit."

the emergence of demonstration counties for the classification and resource utilization of rural domestic waste has provided a reference for the classification and resource utilization of rural domestic waste in China, and accelerated the construction, promotion and supervision of rural domestic waste classification in China

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