China will build eight nuclear power plants in the next three years, which is expected to exceed the total of the past 23 years. Before the holiday, it was learned from people close to the energy administration that the energy administration's revision opinion on the medium and long-term development plan of nuclear power is that China's nuclear power operating installed capacity should be adjusted to 70million kilowatts by 2020, and 30million kilowatts under construction include the melting stage of screw injection molding machines, the moving path of flow channels and the mold pouring system
at present, China's medium and long term development plan for nuclear power (year) (later referred to as the plan) aims to "strive to achieve 40million kilowatts of nuclear power installed capacity by 2020, and 18million kilowatts under construction."
at the same time, the energy administration also suggested that the construction of nuclear power plants should be significantly accelerated in the near future. According to the above sources, China will build 8 nuclear power plants and 16 nuclear power units with an installed capacity of more than 10million kilowatts in the next three years
this means that the total amount of nuclear power construction in the next three years will exceed the total of the past 23 years. China nuclear power, which started in 1985, has built 11 nuclear power units with a total installed capacity of only 9.1 million KW
"this amendment has been drafted and recently submitted to the State Council. It is still unknown whether it can be fully adopted." The person said at an internal meeting
set 70million kW
previously, the popular saying was that the installed capacity would be adjusted to 60million kW in 2020
less than half a year after the plan was published, zhangguobao, director of the national energy administration, made it clear at the "China Development Forum" that "we plan to adjust the medium - and long-term development plan of nuclear power, and strive to make nuclear power account for more than 5% of the total installed power by 2020."
according to the prediction of the State Electricity Regulatory Commission, China's installed power capacity will exceed 1.2 billion kw by 2020. 5%, i.e. 60million kW. 5% is not a very high proportion
according to the data of the national energy administration, the installed capacity of nuclear power in the world in 2005 was 374million kW, accounting for 9.66% of the total installed capacity of power generation in the world, 56.21% in France, 26.86% in South Korea, 19.00% in Japan, 17.07% in Germany and 10.45% in the United States
China's problem is not only the gap in the proportion of nuclear power. Hanxiaoping, CEO of China energy, said in an interview: according to China's population, China needs a power generation capacity of 1.5 billion kw. The installed capacity of 890million kW has reached the peak for China's thermal power. With 200million hydropower and 200million new energy, the remaining 200million power generation capacity needs to be supplemented by nuclear power. "Even if it is 70million kilowatts, there is still room for improvement in the future."
hanxiaoping's 200million kW refers to the long-term planning. The passing of 2008 has also repeatedly reminded the energy administration that it must vigorously develop nuclear power
in September last year, Zhou Xi'an, deputy director of the comprehensive Department of the energy administration, said at a public meeting: the freezing disaster and the Sichuan earthquake have shown us the disadvantages of coal based energy structure. "It is necessary to increase the proportion of nuclear power. In 2007, the state adjusted the tone of moderate development of nuclear power to positive development. In 2009, this tone may be adjusted to" develop as quickly as possible. "
"the development of nuclear power has become one of the new policies after the establishment of the energy administration." Hanxiaoping said that nuclear power is an infrastructure project with slow investment results. After the financial crisis, the state still invested heavily in nuclear power, showing China's determination to vigorously develop nuclear powerAt the beginning of January, zhangguobao wrote an article pointing out that one aspect of the "opportunity in danger" of the current energy situation is that the current nationwide growth rate of power production and consumption has dropped significantly, which is a favorable opportunity to accelerate the transformation of energy development mode, promote the adjustment of energy industrial structure, and deepen the reform of system and mechanism. To this end, we should do a good job in accelerating the development of nuclear power
8 nuclear power plants will be built in three years. Is there so many plant sites in China
tangzide, member of the expert committee of the State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation, told this newspaper that there are as many as seven nuclear power plants under construction in China, most of which are new sites except Qinshan Phase II and Ling'ao phase II. In addition, we will start to build 8 more material products that will never be used by Dow for high-end cars
at the end of 2007 alone, there were 13 nuclear power plant sites that had been approved by the national development and Reform Commission and published simultaneously with the medium and long-term nuclear power planning
according to the data of the Energy Bureau, in 2009, new nuclear power stations will be built in Sanmen, Zhejiang, Haiyang, Guangdong, Yaogu and Rongcheng, Shandong. In addition, the three inland nuclear power plants in Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi, which have been approved to carry out preliminary work, only one suspense remains
it is not the plant site resources that constrain the development of China's nuclear power, but the lack of uranium resources and other factors. The above insiders also disclosed that China may adopt Russia's 800000 kW fast neutron reactor technology to greatly improve the utilization rate of uranium resources
in fact, there were different voices about the development goal of 40million kW in the industry. It is believed that the target of 40million kW is based on China's uranium reserves. According to the data obtained from the China Nuclear Energy Industry Association, China's proven uranium reserves are only 1/3 of the consumption in 2020
"without sufficient uranium resources, no matter how many nuclear power plants are built, they will eventually face the dilemma of shutdown." An analyst at Guojin securities, who declined to be named, believes that uranium resources are a hard indicator restricting the development of nuclear power, and can not be solved by enthusiasm
facts have proved that China is trying to break through the bottleneck of its nuclear power development
2008, China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group signed uranium fuel cooperation agreements with Areva, the world's largest nuclear power company, and Kazakhstan, one of the world's largest uranium fuel producers. Since then, according to the requirements of the above two documents, China Nuclear Power Group has also established "China Nuclear International Co., Ltd." on the main board of Hong Kong, which is mainly engaged in the development of overseas uranium resources
however, China has only been involved in overseas uranium mines for two years, so it is very difficult to develop. It is reported that the proven uranium deposits in Australia, Canada and Kazakhstan have been almost controlled by Areva and other large companies in France
"in fact, in addition to exploiting overseas resources, technological upgrading can also solve the problem of uranium resource shortage." What hanxiaoping called the technological update is the fast neutron reactor
it is understood that China's current reactor technology belongs to the category of slow neutron reactor. Fast neutron reactor (FNR) is a new generation technology of current reactor type, which can increase the efficiency of thermal neutron reactor from 1%-2% to more than 70% of fast breeder reactor
it is reported that at the end of October last year, the Russian National Nuclear Energy Corporation and China National Nuclear Corporation signed a memorandum of cooperation on the expansion of two units and the construction of commercial fast neutron reactors for Tianwan nuclear power plant
"as far as I know, the two sides are still negotiating." Tangzide said, however, China has few choices. Only Russia and France have put the fast neutron reactor into commercial operation, but France has suspended the operation of the fast neutron reactor a few years ago. Russian technology is a relatively mature technology in the world. It has been running for about 30 years since the Soviet Union